how to make sugar bricks for honey bees

Sugar bricks are a supplementary food source for honey bees, often used during the winter months when natural forage is scarce. They provide essential carbohydrates and help the bees survive until the spring when flowers start blooming again. Here’s how to make sugar bricks for honey bees:


  • Granulated white sugar (do not use brown or powdered sugar)
  • Water


  • Large mixing bowl
  • Measuring cup
  • Mixing spoon or spatula
  • Rectangular mold or shallow container (e.g., a wooden frame or plastic container with a lid)
  • Parchment paper or plastic wrap


1. Prepare Your Workspace:

  • Ensure that your workspace is clean and free from contaminants that could harm the bees. Wash your hands thoroughly before starting.

2. Measure the Sugar:

  • Decide on the batch size you want to make. A common ratio for sugar bricks is approximately 5 pounds of sugar to 1 cup of water. This can be adjusted based on your needs.
  • Measure out the sugar according to your chosen ratio. For example, if you’re making a small batch, use 5 cups of sugar.

3. Mix the Sugar and Water:

  • In a large mixing bowl, combine the sugar and water. Stir until you achieve a thick, paste-like consistency. It should be damp enough to hold together but not overly wet.

4. Fill the Mold:

  • Line your rectangular mold or container with parchment paper or plastic wrap to make it easier to remove the sugar brick later.
  • Transfer the sugar paste into the mold and press it down firmly, ensuring it’s packed tightly. You can use your hands or a spatula to level and smooth the surface.

5. Allow to Dry:

  • Place the mold in a dry, cool area where it can air-dry for several days to a week. The drying time depends on the humidity level in your environment. The sugar brick should become hard and firm when ready.

6. Remove the Sugar Brick:

  • Once the sugar brick has completely dried and hardened, carefully remove it from the mold. If you used parchment paper, it should easily lift out.

7. Store and Use:

  • Store the sugar bricks in a cool, dry place until you’re ready to feed your honey bees. You can place them directly on top of the hive or inside a feeder that allows the bees access to the sugar.

8. Feeding Bees:

  • When feeding your honey bees, make sure they have access to clean water nearby, as they’ll need it to consume the sugar bricks.

Sugar bricks provide essential nutrition to honey bee colonies during times of food scarcity. They can be a lifeline for the bees and help ensure their survival through the winter months.

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